Y# 521 Mongol Meng Chiang Bank WWII Japanese puppet states 1938 50 Cent Nickel
China - Japanese puppet states (Meng Chiang)
Mongol United Autonomous Government, Meng Chiang Bank
16th August, 1938, Kalgan Mint
Metal: Copper-nickel; Weight: 5.5 g; Diameter: 25.1 mm
References: Y# 521
Mengjiang (Mengkiang) puppet states
Mengjiang (Mengkiang; Chinese: 蒙疆 ), also known in English as Mongol Border Land or the Mongol United Autonomous Government, was an autonomous area in Inner Mongolia, existing as a puppet state of the Empire of Japan under nominal Chinese sovereignty. Formed in 1939, it consisted of the then-Chinese provinces of Chahar and Suiyuan, corresponding to the central part of modern Inner Mongolia. It is occasionally called Mengguguo (or Mengkukuo; Chinese: 蒙古國) (in analogy to Manchukuo, another Japanese puppet state in Manchuria). The capital was Kalgan, and the ruler was Demchugdongrub. The territory returned to Chinese control after the defeat of the Japanese Empire in 1945.
Formed on 12 May 1936, the Mongol Military Government (蒙古軍政府) had Prince Yondonwangchug of Ulanqab as its first chairman. It was renamed in October 1937 as the Mongol United Autonomous Government (蒙古聯盟自治政府). On 1 September 1939, the predominantly Han Chinese governments of South Chahar and North Shanxi were merged with the Mongol United Autonomous Government, creating the new Mengjiang United Autonomous Government (蒙疆聯合自治政府).