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Y# 521 Mongol Meng Chiang Bank WWII Japanese puppet states 1938 50 Cent Nickel C

Y# 521 Mongol Meng Chiang Bank WWII Japanese puppet states 1938 50 Cent Nickel

China - Japanese puppet states (Meng Chiang)

Mongol United Autonomous Government, Meng Chiang Bank

16th August, 1938, Kalgan Mint


Metal: Copper-nickel; Weight: 5.5 g; Diameter: 25.1 mm



行 銀

Legend in floral design


ᠮᠣᠩᠭᠣᠯ ᠤᠨ
ᠨᠤᠲᠤᠭᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ
ᠽᠠᠰᠭᠡ ᠶᠢᠨ
Value between stylized dragons

Edge: Reeded


References: Y# 521


Mengjiang (Mengkiang) puppet states

Mengjiang (Mengkiang; Chinese: 蒙疆 ), also known in English as Mongol Border Land or the Mongol United Autonomous Government, was an autonomous area in Inner Mongolia, existing as a puppet state of the Empire of Japan under nominal Chinese sovereignty. Formed in 1939, it consisted of the then-Chinese provinces of Chahar and Suiyuan, corresponding to the central part of modern Inner Mongolia. It is occasionally called Mengguguo (or Mengkukuo; Chinese: 蒙古國) (in analogy to Manchukuo, another Japanese puppet state in Manchuria). The capital was Kalgan, and the ruler was Demchugdongrub. The territory returned to Chinese control after the defeat of the Japanese Empire in 1945.


Formed on 12 May 1936, the Mongol Military Government (蒙古軍政府) had Prince Yondonwangchug of Ulanqab as its first chairman. It was renamed in October 1937 as the Mongol United Autonomous Government (蒙古聯盟自治政府).[4] On 1 September 1939, the predominantly Han Chinese governments of South Chahar and North Shanxi were merged with the Mongol United Autonomous Government, creating the new Mengjiang United Autonomous Government (蒙疆聯合自治政府).

The capital was established at Zhangbei (Changpei),[citation needed] near Kalgan (Zhangjiakou), with the government's control extending around Hohhot. On 4 August 1941, it was again renamed: the Mongolian Autonomous Federation (蒙古自治邦). After Wang Jingwei formed a new government for the Republic of China in Nanjing, Mengjiang was placed under its control, though it remained completely autonomous.

Mengjiang ceased to exist in 1945 when it was invaded by the Soviet Red Army and Mongol Red Army as part of the Manchurian Strategic Offensive Operation. Most of the area, with the notable exception of Kalgan, is now part of Inner Mongolia in the People's Republic of China.




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Y# 521 Mongol Meng Chiang Bank WWII Japanese puppet states 1938 50 Cent Nickel C

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