Republic of China
Copper 10 Cash
Commemorative issue Hunan
Provincial Constitution Year 11 (1922)
Pentagram Star over flower!
References: Y# 402
This coin was minted by Chao Heng Ti, governer of Hunan province, in commemorating the promulgation of the provincial constitution on 1st Jan 1922. On the obverse side of this coin is a design of good harvest with three horizontal bars [The "Ch'ien" hexagram (the symbol of heaven) in "I Ching or Book of Changes", the earliest philosephical work extant in China. The "Ch'ien" hexagram is a sign of good omen.] in the center encompassed by a beaded circle. In the outer circle, the above Chinese characters means the Hunan Provincial Constitution was promulgated and the below characters means on 1st Jan of the 11th year of the Republic of China. denomination of 20 cash. On the reverse side of this coin with the official design of iron-and-blood 18-star flag and the five-colour flag crossed within beaded circle in center. Above it is sunflower.
Chao Heng Ti was born on 11th Jan 1880 in Hunan Province. He graduated in the Hupeh provincial dialect school. Later, he went to Japan, and studied in a military school in Tokyo and the 6th artillery department of a naval school. He joined the Zhongguo Tong Meng Hui [Chinese Revolutionary League], formed by the Chinese revolutionaries in 1905 and Mr. Sun Yat Sen was the president. He came back to China in 1909, Chao became an officer of the Kwangsi army as he followed Mr. Ts'ai Ng'e . In 1912, Chao was arrested by Yuan Shih Kai in Peking. Later by the help of Mr. Ts'ai Ng'e, he was baled out. In 1916, he was appointed as the commander of the first division of the Hunan army and later became its acting commander-in-chief. In the later of 1920, he was appointed by the Kwangtung Military Government as the commander-in-chief of Hunan. he set up a preparatory office for drafting the constitution and advocated joint autonomy of the provinces . The following year he took the office of governor of Hunan. In 1949, Chao went to Hong Kong and later went to Taiwan. He passed away in Taipei on 23rd Nov 1971.
Provincial Constitution commemorative. The decline and collapse of the Manchu dynasty, followed by the anarchy of the early Republic, led many provincial mints to strike their own designs.