Rare Mother Coin 母錢 Shun Zhi Tong Bao, Taiyuan Shanxi Mint Bao Yuan 1660-61 AD

Rare Mother Coin 母錢 Shun Zhi Tong Bao, Taiyuan Shanxi Mint Bao Yuan 1660-61 AD

ANCIENT CHINA Qing Dynasty

Shun Zhi Tong Bao, Taiyuan Shanxi Mint

Type 5, 1660 - 1661 AD

Mother coin, 母錢



Authenticity guaranteed for all items!

Reference: Hartill 22.79

Obverse: Shun Zhi Tong Bao.

Reverse: Manchurian inscription Bao left - and Chinese Yuan right

Taiyuan, Shanxi mint

Weight: 8.6 grams; Size: 29.2 mm; Fine Brass

 

 

Emperor SHIH TSU
1644-1661 AD

Emperor Shi Zu (1644-1661) established mints at the Board of Revenue and the Board of Works in Peking and began casting bronze coins with the inscriptionshun zhi tong bao (顺治通宝). Coins with this inscription were cast in five varieties or types as described below.

Beginning in the year 1644, Type 1 and Type 2 coins were cast.

Type 1 coins were cast during 1644-1645 and followed the ancient tradition of having a reverse side with no characters.

Type 2 coins were produced from 1644 to 1661 and were modeled after the huichang (会昌) kai yuan tong bao (开元通宝) coins produced during the period 845-846 AD of the Tang Dynasty (618-907 AD), as well as the da zhong tong bao (大中通宝) and hong wu tong bao (洪武通宝) coins of the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644 AD). These coins have a single Chinese character on the reverse side indicating at which mint the coin was cast.

The mints casting Type 2 coins were the Board of Revenue (hu 户), the Board of Works (gong 工), Xian in Shaanxi Province (shan 陕), Linqing garrison in Shandong Province (lin 临), Xuanhua garrison in Zhili (xuan 宣), Yansui garrison in Shanxi Province (yan 延), Taiyuan in Shanxi Province (yuan (原), Shanxi Province (xi 西), Miyun garrison in Zhili (yun 云), Datong garrison in Shanxi Province (tong 同), Jingzhou garrison in Hubei Province (jing 荆), Kaifeng in Henan Province (he 河), Wuchang in Hubei Province (chang 昌), Jiangning or Nanking (ning 宁), Nanchang in Jiangxi Province (jiang (江), Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province (zhe (浙), Fuzhou in Fujian Province (fu 福), Yanghe garrison in Shanxi Province (yang 阳), and Xiangyang in Hubei Province (xiang 襄).

Type 3 coins were cast from 1653-1657 and are characterised by having the characters 一厘 (yi li), meaning "one li of silver", on the reverse side of the coin. A li(厘) was equal to one-thousandth of a tael (liang 两).

Type 3 coins also have a Chinese character on the reverse indicating the mint. The mints for Type 3 coins were the same as those casting the Type 2 coins but excluding the mints at Yansui garrison in Shanxi Province (yan 延), Shanxi Province (xi 西) and Jingzhou garrison in Hubei Province (jing 荆). Additionally, a mint at Jinan in Shandong Province (dong 东) was established to cast Type 3 coins.

Type 4 coins were cast during the years 1657-1661 and have only Manchu characters on the reverse side. To the left of the square hole is the Manchu character for bao (宝) and to the right is the Manchu character indicating the mint. These coins were cast in Peking at the Board of Revenue mint (bao quan 宝泉) and the Board of Works mint (bao yuan 宝源).

Type 5 coins were only cast during the years 1660-1661 and have both a Chinese and Manchu character on the reverse side indicating where the coin was cast. The Manchu character is located to the left of the square hole and the Chinese character is to the right.

There were 13 mints casting Type 5 coins: Xian in Shaanxi Province (shan 陕), Linqing garrison in Shandong Province (lin 临), Xuanhua garrison in Zhili(xuan 宣), Jizhou garrison in Zhili (ji 蓟), Taiyuan in Shanxi Province (yuan 原), Datong garrison in Shanxi Province (tong 同), Kaifeng in Henan Province (he河), Wuchang in Hubei Province (chang 昌), Jiangning or Nanking (ning 宁), Nanchang in Jiangxi Province (jiang (江), Hangzhou in Zhejiang Province (zhe浙),
Fuzhou in Fujian Province (fu 福), and Jinan in Shandong Province (dong (东).

 

 

 

 

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Rare Mother Coin 母錢 Shun Zhi Tong Bao, Taiyuan Shanxi Mint Bao Yuan 1660-61 AD

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