Rare Mother Coin 母錢 Jia Qing Tong Bao, 1796 AD Shanxi Province Bao Shan Mint

Rare Mother Coin 母錢 Jia Qing Tong Bao, 1796 AD Shanxi Province Bao Shan Mint

ANCIENT CHINA

Qing Dynasty

Jia Qing Tong Bao, 1796-1820 AD

Xian, Shanxi Mint

Mother coin, 母錢

 

Authenticity guaranteed for all items!

Reference: Hartill 22.534

Weight: 5.27 grams; Size: 25.5 mm; Material: Fine Brass

Xian, Shanxi Province Mint !

Obv: Jia Qing Tong Bao

Rev: Manchurian inscription "Bao Shan"

 

ᠪᠣᠣ ᡧᠠᠨ

 

Xian, Shanxi Province Mint !

 

“Mother Coins 母錢” in old Chinese coin making

During the Han Dynasty, Chinese mints partially solved the inconsistencies in cast coins by using bronze master moulds. Master moulds were used to prepare the clay moulds which will be used for the actual casting.

Advances in the casting process in the sixth century resulted in the introduction mother coins (mu qian). Mother coins were used to impress the designs of the coin on very fine wet sand that would act as moulds for the coins. A mother coin was prepared by carefully engraving a pattern of the coin in a material that can be easily worked with such as tin.

The coin casting process involves the use of a rectangular frame filled with fine wet sand, presumably mixed with clay, and sprinkled with charcoal or coal dust. The dust allows the molten metal to flow smoothly. It also acts as a layer that separates the two halves of the moulds.

Mother coins are pressed on the wet sand in the wooden frame (first half of the mould). Rods are placed between the coins to create channels where the molten metal can flow. A second frame (second half of the mould) is placed on top and pressed tightly. This imprints the designs of the obverse and reverse of the mother coins on the sand in the frames.

The mother coins are then removed and transferred on top of the second frame to create new moulds. This processed is repeated until up to fifteen layers of moulds are created. The wooden frames are bound tautly and filled with molten metal, usually bronze.

This process creates a “coin tree,” cast coins connected by hardened metal on the channels. After brushing off the sand, coins are broken of the “tree.”

To make the edges smooth, the coins are strung together on a long square rod and the coin edges are filed down. It is further polished in tubs of chaff or sand before the final stringing.
The use of mother coins proved to be effective in controlling the quality of the coins. Slight differences between mother coins still existed however skillful the carver is.

 

 

Jiaqing Emperor

The Jiaqing Emperor (Chinese: 嘉慶帝; pinyin: Jiāqìng Dì; Wade–Giles: Chia1-ch'ing4 Ti4; Mongolian: Sayishiyaltu Yirugertu Khaan, 13 November 1760 – 2 September 1820), personal name Aisin Gioro Yongyan, was the seventh emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the fifth Qing emperor to rule over China from 1796 to 1820. He was the son of the Qianlong Emperor. During his reign, he prosecuted Heshen, the corrupt favourite of his father, and attempted to restore order within the Qing Empire and curb the smuggling of opium into China.

 

 

Jiaqing Emperor

嘉慶帝

9 February 1796 – 2 September 1820

 

 

 

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Rare Mother Coin 母錢 Jia Qing Tong Bao, 1796 AD Shanxi Province Bao Shan Mint

$69.00Price

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