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Rare Mao Zedong Chinese Soviet Republic 20 Silver Dollar Cents 1933 AD Communist

Rare Mao Zedong Chinese Soviet Republic 20 Silver Dollar Cents 1933 AD Communist

The Chinese Soviet Republic

Soviet 20 Silver Dollar Cents 1933

Communist Party Mao Zedong


Weight: 5.3 grams, Size: 24.0 mm, Material: Silver

Catalog Number: Y# 508



The coin was produced by the Central Mint at Yangxi in Ruijin County, Jiangxi Province and issued by the State Bank of the Chinese Soviet Republic in 1932-1933, circulating in the Central Revolutionary Base area.

OBVERSE: value of the coin "two jiao" in the center, circumscribed with the characters denoting "the Chinese Soviet Republic" and the year of issue "1933", which are separated by five-pointed star.

REVERSE: five-pointed star, sickle, hammer, globe and double good harvest design and the characters meaning "every five pieces for one yuan". There are many editions as there are differences in the characters, designs and edges.


Silver dollars of the Chinese Soviet Republic

On February 1, 1932 the Chinese Soviet Republic National Bank was established, with Mao Zemin as president. The CSR Central Mint issued three types of currency: a paper bill, a copper coin and a silver dollar.

The predominant currency produced by the Central Mint was the silver dollar. Unlike the bills and copper coins, the silver dollars had no communist symbols; they were a copy of silver dollars produced by other mints in China (including the popular coin with the head of Yuan Shikai and the eagle silver dollar of the Mexican peso). This, and the fact that the coin was made of silver, enabled them to be circulated in the rest of China; thus, it was the currency of choice.

When the Chinese Red Army's First Front began its Long March in October 1934, the communist bank was part of the retreating force; fourteen bank employees, over a hundred coolies and a company of soldiers escorted them with the money and mint machinery. An important duty of the bank was, when the Chinese Red Army stayed in a location for longer than a day, to have the local populace exchange communist paper bills and copper coins for currency used in the nationalist-controlled regions to avoid prosecution by the nationalists after the communists left. After the Zunyi Conference it was decided that carrying the entire bank on the march was impractical, and on January 29, 1935 at Tucheng (土城) the bank employees burned all communist paper bills and destroyed the mint machinery. By the end of the Long March in October 1935, only eight of the original fourteen employees were left; the other six had died along the way.


The Chinese Soviet Republic

The Chinese Soviet Republic (CSR, simplified Chinese: 中华苏维埃共和国; traditional Chinese: 中華蘇維埃共和國; pinyin: Zhōnghu?Sūw閕'āi G騨gh間u?, also known as the Soviet Republic of China or the China Soviet Republic, is often referred to in historical sources as the Jiangxi Soviet (after its largest component territory, the Jiangxi-Fujian Soviet). It was established in November 1931 by future Communist Party of China leader Mao Zedong, General Zhu De and others, and it lasted until 1937. Discontiguous territories included the Northeastern Jiangxi, Hunan-Jiangxi, Hunan-Hubei-Jiangxi, Hunan-Western Hubei, Hunan-Hubei-Sichuan-Guizhou, Shaanxi-Gansu, Szechuan-Shensi, Hubei-Henan-Anhui, Honghu and Haifeng-Lufeng Soviets. |image_flag = Second War Flag of Chinese Soviet Republic.svg Mao Zedong was both CSR state chairman and prime minister; he led the state and its government. Mao's tenure as head of a "small state within a state" gave him experience in mobile warfare and peasant organization; this experience helped him accomplish the Communist reunification of China during the late 1940s.[2] The CSR was eventually destroyed by the Kuomintang (KMT)'s National Revolutionary Army in a series of 1934 encirclement campaigns.[2] Following the Xi'an Incident of December 1936, the Communists and Kuomintang formed an uneasy "United Front" to resist Japanese pressure, which led to the Communists recognizing at least for the moment Chiang Kai-shek as China's leader and the official dissolution of the Soviet Republic on 22 September 1937.



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Rare Mao Zedong Chinese Soviet Republic 20 Silver Dollar Cents 1933 AD Communist

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