Rare Kinen Sehuo, Ryukyu Kingdom (now Okinawan Japan) 1470 King Sho En
Ryukyu Kingdom (now Okinawan in Japan)
King Sho En, 1470
Reference: Hartil 25.61
Weight: 5 grams; Size: 27 mm; Material: Bronze
Obv: Kin En Sei Hou
Sho En (尚圓)(1415–1476, r. 1470–1476) was a king of the Ryukyu Kingdom, the founder of the Second Sho Dynasty. Prior to becoming king, he was known as Kanamaru (金丸).
Shō En thus established the Second Shō Dynasty, taking on the honorary surname granted the kings of Ryukyu by Ming Dynasty (and later, Qing Dynasty) China. He also banned members of the former Shō lineage from high government office, and from marrying into the lineage of the new dynasty, and took steps to elevate the prestige of his own family. His father came to be honored as King of Izena, and a formal tomb was constructed for Shō En's parents on Izena Island. Shō En also named his sister high priestess, or "noro", of Izena; the lineage of high priestesses descended from her continued until the 20th century.
The Ryukyu Kingdom (Japanese: 琉球王国 Ryūkyū Ōkoku; Okinawan: 琉球國 Ruuchuu-kuku; traditional Chinese: 琉球國; simplified Chinese: 琉球国;pinyin: Liúqiú Guó; historical English name: Lewchew, Luchu, and Loochoo) was an independent kingdom which ruled most of the Ryukyu Islands from the 15th century to the 19th century. The kings of Ryukyu unified Okinawa Island and extended the kingdom to the Amami Islands in modern-dayKagoshima Prefecture, and the Sakishima Islands near Taiwan. Despite its small size, the kingdom played a central role in the maritime trade networks of medieval East and Southeast Asia.
Seal from Qing China giving authority to the King of Ryukyu to rule.