Qian Qiu Wan Sui, in Khitan large script 10 Cash 938 AD Ki-tan Tartar Liao Dynas

Qian Qiu Wan Sui, in Khitan large script 10 Cash 938 AD Ki-tan Tartar Liao Dynasty

Ki-tan Tartar Liao Dynasty

Qian Qiu Wan Sui, in Khitan large script
10 Cash coin, ca. 938 AD

qian qiu wan sui千秋万嵗, which literally translates as a
"thousand autumns and ten thousand years"

 

38.5 mm; 32 grams; Material: Bronze

Obv: qian qiu wan sui千秋万嵗 in Khitan large script
 

 

Emperor Tai Zong

According to historical records, Emperor Tai Zong (太宗) in the year 938 established the capital at Shang Jing(上京) and honored the event by casting commemorative coins with the auspicious inscription qian qiu wan sui(千秋万岁), which literally translates as a "thousand autumns and ten thousand years", expressing the hope that the emperor and the dynasty would endure forever.

Most of these commemorative coins were presented as gifts or awards. Some of the coins have also been found in the foundations of Liao Dynasty pagodas where they were presented as offerings by religious believers during the dedication of the religious buildings.

 

 

LIAO DYNASTY, AD 907-1125

The Liao were a Tartar Dynasty known as the Ch'i-tan or Ki-tan Tartars, first established by T'ai Tsu in AD 907 during the period of the 5 dynasties. The dynasty lasted for 218 years until AD 1125, ruling from their capital at Beijing. For most of their existence they existed along side the Northern Sung Dynasty, in what appears to be somewhat less than peaceful co-existance.

The first Emperor of Liao did not issue any coins. There were five Emperors between AD 907 and 1031 who issued coins, but only a handful of each type is known to exist and it is unlikely any genuine examples will come on the market. We have not listed them here as it is unlikely anyone viewing this site to identify a coin will have one, but you will find information on them on page 216 of David Hartill's book CAST CHINESE COINS. Schjoth (page 41) notes a record of the Liang Dynasty Emperor Mo, using the reign title Lung-te, issuing large numbers of coins during this period, which are likely what circulated in the Liao region for what little need the Liao people had of coins at that time.

The earliest readily available coins of Liao begin with the Emperor Hsing Tsung during his second reign title of Ch'ung Hsi after he established the first Liao central mint in Manchuria in AD 1053. The mint was not particularly skilled and most Liao coins are fairly crude, poor quality castings.

There are some differences in the dating of the Liao reign titles by Schjoth and Hartill, and we have chosen to use those given by Hartill as it is much more recent and almost certainly more reliable research.

 

Shipping and Payment:

Economy Regular mail shipping: 3.99 Euro worldwide (buyer's risk!)

Registered mail shipping:

11.50 Euro within Europe, 16.50 Euro worldwide, Combined shipping accepted.

Qian Qiu Wan Sui, in Khitan large script 10 Cash 938 AD Ki-tan Tartar Liao Dynas

$89.00Price