Japanese lords domain, Tosa family coin
1866 AD, Tosa Kanken, Ten Mom
Weight: 26 grams; Size: 52.8 mm; Material: Bronze
領国貨幣 高知藩 領内通用請願試鋳 土佐官券 十匁 伝世 極美
Obv: 土佐 官券 Tosa Kanken, Tosa official currency
Rev: 十 匁 Ten Mon
Value 10 mace (mom)
Japanese Tosa family coins, lords domain
Tosa was a lords domain on the island of Shikoku in Japan and it issued many of its own coins between 1866-71.
Tosa Tsuuhou coins were modeled after the Tenpou Tsuuhou 100 Mon coin. Tosa also minted a large rectangular coin called a Tosa Kanken which had on its obverse side 100 mon as its value. Its monme coins (units of 1 and 10) are all round.
Tosa is present day Kochi prefecture.
(book Zuroku Nihon no kahei, vol. 4., published by Touyou keizai shinpousha, 1973).
Tosa Province (土佐国 Tosa no kuni?) is a former province of Japan in the area that is today Kōchi Prefecture on Shikoku. Tosa was bordered by Iyo and Awa Provinces. It was sometimes called Doshū (土州).
The ancient capital was near modern Nankoku. Tosa jinja was designated as the chief Shinto shrine (ichinomiya) for the province.
Tosa was ruled by the Chōsokabe clan during the Sengoku period, and Chōsokabe Motochika briefly unified Shikoku under his rule, although he was reduced to Tosa again by Toyotomi Hideyoshi and dispossessed entirely after Sekigahara. The province was then granted to Yamauchi Kazutoyo. Tosa was a relatively poor province, and lacked a strong castle town even under the Chōsokabe. After Sekigahara, the castle town of Kōchi was established and remains the main city to this day. During the Edo Period the province was controlled by the Tosa Domain.
Sakamoto Ryōma of the Bakumatsu era was born in Tosa.
Samurai from Tosa were important in the Meiji Restoration of 1868.
The Imperial Japanese Navy battleship Tosa, lead ship of its class, was named after the province.
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