Hartill22.714 Red Copper Xian Feng 1000 Cash Revenue Bao Quan Mint 1854 Beijing
Xian Feng Yuan Bao, AE 1000 cash,
Board of Revenue, Peking
West Branch mint, cast March to August 1854 only
Reference: Hartill 22.714
Obv: Xiang Feng Yuan Bao
Rev: Manchurian inscription "Bao Quan"
Board of Revenue Mint, West Branch
Dang 1000 - equal to 1000 cash
The Xianfeng Emperor
The Xianfeng Emperor (simplified Chinese: 咸丰帝; traditional Chinese: 咸豐帝; 17 July 1831 ?22 August 1861), personal name I-ju (or Yizhu), was the ninth Emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, and the seventh Qing emperor to rule over China, from 1850 to 1861.
The Xianfeng Emperor's reign saw the continued decline of the Qing dynasty. Rebellions in the country, which began the first year of his reign, would not be quelled until well into the reign of the Tongzhi Emperor and resulted in millions of deaths. The Xianfeng Emperor also had to deal with the British and French and their ever growing appetite to expand trade further into China. The Xianfeng Emperor, like his father, the Daoguang Emperor, understood very little about Europeans and their mindset. He viewed non-Chinese as inferior and regarded the Europeans' repeated requests for the establishment of diplomatic relations as an offence. When the Europeans introduced the long-held concept of an exchanged consular relationship, the Xianfeng Emperor quickly rebuffed the idea. At the time of his death, he had not met with any foreign dignitary.
The Hsien Feng period was one of great strife in China. The Tai-ping rebellion, which lasted from 1853 to 1864 and was at least partly responsible for inflation resulting in paper money being issued for larger denomination (1000 and higher), and a variety of cast coin denominations from 1 to 1000 cash. The one cash coins have the standard two character mint marks on the reverses, while higher denominations have four characters with the extra two to show the denomination.