Hartill 9.70 CHINA Xin Dynasty Bu Quan Spade Money, Interregnum Wang Mang 14 AD
Interregnum of Wang Mang
Xin Dynasty Bu Quan Spade Money, Nice patina AD 14-23
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Reference: Hartill 9.70
Weight: 4 grams; Size: 26 mm; Bronze
Wang Mang Bu Quan 14 AD.
Bu Quan (Chinese: 布泉; pinyin: bù quán; literally: "Spade Coin") was known later as the Nan Qian (Chinese: 男錢; pinyin: nán qián; literally: "Male Cash"), from the belief that if a woman wore this on her sash, she would give birth to a boy. Eventually, Wang Mang's unsuccessful reforms provoked an uprising, and he was killed by rebels in AD 23.
"s-175">The Pu-Ch'uan coins exist with three major varieties, and while we may never know the meaning of these varieties, it is possible they indicate different mints. The specimens seem to vary between 25.5 and 26.5 mm and average (12 specimens) about 4 grams, there is considerable weight variation in these. All three types are of about equal rarity and the same value. One seldom sees an example below a grade of VF, so these could not have continued to circulate for too long after they were minted.
S-175. Obverse: "PU CH'UAN" without any rays on the inner corners of the inner rim. Reverse: blank.
S-176. Obverse: "PU CH'UAN" with two rays extending from top corners of the inner rim. Reverse: blank.
S-177. Obvrse: "PU CH'UAN" with two rays extending from the bottom corners of the inner rim . Reverse: blank.
Other minor varieties of this type exist. We have had an example with no rays, but a dot on the obverse inner rim. These are very well make coins, with very well defined and finished rims. It appears they did not circulate a great deal because we have never seen a well worn specimen of this coinage (most specimens will be found in a grade of XF).