Hartill 9.29 ANCIENT CHINA Wang Mang Xin Dynasty Value 1000 Money spade 10 A.D.
Interregnum of Wang Mang
XIN DYNASTY Money spade, Da Bu Huang Qian
AD 10, Large Spade values 1000 cash
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Reference: Hartill 9.29
Weight: 12 grams; Size: 55 mm x 23 mm; Bronze
Which means: A large spade value a thousand Cash
S-145-147, Value 1000 spade inscribed "TA-PU HUANG-CH'IEN". This type exists with and without a line extending from the hole to the upper rim (same value). These are well cast with sharp characters. It appears that Mang's reign title at this time was "Huang-shih-chu". It is possible that the "Huang" on these coins is a reference to that title.
THIRD REFORM, introduced AD 10
With gold now outlawed and the high value knife money demonetized, large transactions must have been difficult. To facilitate trade, a series of new denominations were added to the two already circulating. Small denominations were round coins of 1, 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 Wu Shu. Large denominations were in the form of spade money from 100 to 1000 Wu Shu by intervals of 100. This brought the total number of denominations in use to sixteen:
With the exception of the two types from the previous reform, and the value 1000 spades, all of the coins of this reform are rare, suggesting this was a very short-lived series, probably only for part of AD 10. There are several types for which we have never seen a genuine example, and cannot give any valuations. Fakes exist of all the rare types, so we recommend examining any specimens very closely.
The spade types are all found with and without a line extending from the hole to the upper rim, although the meaning of this line is uncertain. It may indicate two mints were operating, or that there were two different issues of these coins. These are poorly cast coin and usually seen with rather rough surfaces.
Interregnum of Wang Mang, AD 7-23
The interregnum of Wang Mang was a very interesting time in Chinese history, but remember the old curse, "May you live in interesting times".
The exact dates and events that led Wang Mang to power differ a little between references, but for the time being we are using mostly those given by Robert Tye in his essay WANG MANG, but in a few cases, where noted, other dates may be used. If you are interested in learning more about this period and would like to read his essay, let us know and we will see if it is still available from him.
About 47 BC, Mang was born into the most powerful family in China, a family that effectively ruled through a series of puppet Han emperors. He held a series of high governmental posts before becoming Minister of War in 7 BC, but fell from favor and retired two years later.
Robert Tye records that in AD 3 Mang became father-in-law to the Emperor and, in AD 6, was appointed regent to the child Emperor P'ing Ti. This differs somewhat from the information recorded by Michael Mitchiner (in Oriental Coins and their Values, The Ancient & Classical World) who says Wang became regent to P'ing Ti in AD 1 but replaced him with Ju Tze Yung in AD 7 at which time Wang gave himself the office of Acting Emperor.
Both sources agree that in AD 9 (January 10 according to Tye) Wang declared himself Emperor, establishing his "Hsin" (new) Dynasty.