Hartill 9.18 Zhuang Qian Value Forty Adult Coin 40, Wang Mang 9-14AD Xin Dynasty
Wang Mang Xin Dynasty Zhuang Qian 40
Zhuang Quan Si Shi = Adult Coin, Forty, 9-14 AD
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Reference: Hartill 9.18
Weight: 3.8 grams; Size: 22.2 mm
Value: 40 Cash
十 □ 四
The Six Coins. AD 9-14.
Wang Mang was a nephew of the Dowager Empress Wang, In AD 9, he usurped the throne, and founded the Xin Dynasty. He introduced a number of currency reforms which met with varying degrees of success. The first reform, in AD 7, retained the Wu Zhu coin, but reintroduced two versions of the knife money:
According to the History of Han:
The people became bewildered and confused, and these coins did not circulate. They secretly used Wu Zhu coins for their purchases. Wang Mang was very concerned at this and issued the following decree:
Those who dare to oppose the court system and those who dare to use Wu Zhus surreptitiously to deceive the people and equally the spirits will all be exiled to the Four Frontiers and be at the mercy of devils and demons.?
The result of this was that trade and agriculture languished, and food became scarce. People went about crying in the markets and the highways, the numbers of sufferers being untold.