Hartill 23.4 Ten Cash, Taiping Christian Rebellion Heavenly Kingdom Holy Treasure 1853
Taiping Christian Rebellion
Tian Guo - Sheng Bao, 10 cash Coin
Taiping Heavenly Kingdom - Holy Treasure
Reference: Hartill 23.4, Ten Cash Value
Weight: 21 grams; Size: 36.7 mm
Rev: Sheng Bao (Holy Treasure)
The Taiping Rebellion (1850-64) was a serious attempt to oust the weakening Qing dynasty. The leader of the rebellion, Hong Xiuquan (1814-64), had dreamt that he was the second son of God, and the younger brother of Jesus Christ. In his mission to save China, Hong led his troops to the city of Nanjing and installed himself as the Heavenly King of a new Heavenly Kingdom and began to issue coins such as this one. Issuing these official coins was a way of legitimizing his rule.
Tai Ping Heavenly Kingdom Currency
In its first year, the Heavenly Kingdom minted coins that were 23 mm to 26 mm in diameter, weighing around 4 grams. The kingdoms name was inscribed on the obverse and Holy Treasure on the reverse. The kingdom also issued paper notes, at least one of which is on the internet (dated 1861).
The Taiping Rebellion was a massive civil war in southern China from 1850 to 1864, against the ruling Manchu Qing dynasty. It was a millenarian movement led by Hong Xiuquan, who announced that he had received visions, in which he learned that he was the younger brother of Jesus. At least 20 million people died, mainly civilians, in one of the deadliest military conflicts in history.