Hartill 21.41 Large 2 Cash Long Wu TB Southern Ming Dynasty Prince of Tang 1645
The Prince of Tang , Zhu Yujian,
Reference: Hartill 21.41
(one dot tong, the position of the dot of the Wu, which can be above or below the top horizontal stroke)
The Southern Ming Dynasty (南明) & Qing Rebel Era
The Prince of Tang (魯王), 2 Cash, 1645 ~ 1646 AD
Obv. Long Wu Tong Bao
Weight: 7 grams; Size: 28 mm
The Prince of Tang , Zhu Yujian
Zhu Yujian (Chinese: 朱聿鍵; pinyin: Zhū Yùjiàn; 1602–1646), the Prince of Tang, reigned as the Longwu Emperor of the Southern Ming dynasty from 18 August 1645, when he was enthroned in Fuzhou, to 6 October 1646, when he was captured and executed by a contingent of the Manchus army. He was a ninth generation descendant of Ming founder Zhu Yuanzhang.
When Qing forces captured Nanjing in June 1645 he fled to Hangzhou. In August of the same year at the behest of several high officials he ascended to the Ming throne in Fuzhou, taking the reign title Longwu (隆武; pinyin: Lóngwǔ). His era name means "Plentiful and martial". After a promising start, Fujian's geographical position on the margin of the empire, cut off the heartland through several mountain ranges, as well as his lack of effective troops and the failure on part of the officialdom to find a united stance doomed the Longwu government. When Qing forces invaded Fujian in the late summer of 1646, Zheng Zhilong, the emperor's strongest ally, surrendered while his son Zheng Chenggong (the famous Koxinga) retreated to sea.
In AD 1644 the Chinese were once again conquered by foreigners as the Manchurians took control of much of China to establish the Ch'ing Dynasty, but reaching that point was a long drawn out process, starting about 70 years earlier and they did not gain full control for another 40 years. This was a period of turmoil during which a series of pretenders and rebels controlling small (some sometimes not so small) regions fought a series wars and rebellions at first against the Ming, later against the Ch'ing, and sometimes between each other. These people are referred to as the Ming Rebels and it is a fairly complex period in Chinese history.
The order in which Schjoth lists these rules does not give a sense of this history, and I am working on sorting out presentation that hopefully will do so, but I am not there yet. This is a section I am just now beginning to again work on, so hopefully there will be a better presentation here soon.