Weight: 4 grams; Size: 24.5 mm
The Southern Ming Dynasty (南明) & Qing Rebel Era
The Prince of Lu , Zhu Yihai
The Gengyin Emperor (Chinese: 庚寅; 1618–1662), personal name Zhu Yihai(Chinese: 朱以海), was an emperor of the Southern Ming Dynasty, reigning from 1645 to 1655. His temple name was Emperor Yì of the Ming (义宗 Ming Yizong).
In AD 1644 the Chinese were once again conquered by foreigners as the Manchurians took control of much of China to establish the Ch'ing Dynasty, but reaching that point was a long drawn out process, starting about 70 years earlier and they did not gain full control for another 40 years. This was a period of turmoil during which a series of pretenders and rebels controlling small (some sometimes not so small) regions fought a series wars and rebellions at first against the Ming, later against the Ch'ing, and sometimes between each other. These people are referred to as the Ming Rebels and it is a fairly complex period in Chinese history.
The order in which Schjoth lists these rules does not give a sense of this history, and I am working on sorting out presentation that hopefully will do so, but I am not there yet. This is a section I am just now beginning to again work on, so hopefully there will be a better presentation here soon.