Hartill 21.124 Ming Rebellion 1674 Yu Min Tong Bao, Geng Jingzhong 1 Liang
ANCIENT CHINA Ming Rebellion
Reference: Hartill 21.124
Weight: 13 grams; Size: 36 mm; Material: Brass
Obverse: "YU-MIN T'UNG-PAO".
Reverse: One Liang
Geng Jingzhong (Chinese: 耿精忠; pinyin: Gěng Jīngzhōng; Wade–Giles: Keng Ching-chung; died 1682) was a powerful military commander of the early Qing dynasty. He inherited the title of "King/Prince of Jingnan" (靖南王) from his father Geng Jimao, who had inherited it from Jingzhong's grandfather Geng Zhongming.
The "Dolo efu" 和碩額駙 rank was given to husbands of Qing princesses. Geng Jingmao managed to have both his sons Geng Jingzhong and Geng Zhaozhong 耿昭忠 become court attendants under the Shunzhi Emperor and get married to Aisin Gioro women, with Prince Abatai's granddaughter marrying Geng Zhaozhong 耿昭忠 and Haoge's (a son of Hong Taiji) daughter marrying Geng Jingzhong. A daughter 和硕柔嘉公主 of the Manchu Aisin Gioro Prince Yolo 岳樂 (Prince An) was wedded to Geng Juzhong 耿聚忠.
Firmly entrenched as a quasi independent ruler in Fujian, in 1674 Geng Jingzhong rebelled against Qing rule along with the other two of the Three Feudatories Wu Sangui and Shang Zhixin, who were also governing enormous principalities in south China. Qing armies eventually defeated Geng, who surrendered to the Kangxi Emperor. The Qing then used Geng's troops to fight the other feudatories until the civil war ended. Soon after the Qing final victory in 1681, the Kangxi Emperor had Geng executed by slow slicing for treason.
Geng Jingzhong's brother Geng Juzhong 耿聚忠 was in Beijing with the Qing court with the Kangxi Emperor during the rebellion and was not punished by the Kangxi Emperor for his brother's revolt. Geng Juzhong died of natural causes in 1687. Geng Juzhong was a Third Class Viscount 三等子.
Keng Ching-Chung was a feudal lord in Fukian province, after his father (who did not issue any coins) was given that region after they aided the Manchus in forming the Ching dynasty. When K'ang Hsi attempted to take away their land in AD 1674, he joined with the other Feudal lords in rebellion. He surrended to the forced of the Ch'ing and fought for them against the other feudal lords in 1676, but was later executed by them in 1682.
Reign title: YU-MIN, AD 1674-1676
In AD 1644 the Chinese were once again conquered by foreigners as the Manchurians took control of much of China to establish the Ch'ing Dynasty, but reaching that point was a long drawn out process, starting about 70 years earlier and they did not gain full control for another 40 years. This was a period of turmoil during which a series of pretenders and rebels controlling small (some sometimes not so small) regions fought a series wars and rebellions at first against the Ming, later against the Ch'ing, and sometimes between each other. These people are referred to as the Ming Rebels and it is a fairly complex period in Chinese history.
The order in which Schjoth lists these rules does not give a sense of this history, and I am working on sorting out presentation that hopefully will do so, but I am not there yet. This is a section I am just now beginning to again work on, so hopefully there will be a better presentation here soon.