Hartill 20.216 Ming Dynasty Tian Qi Tong Bao Feng Zhi (By Imperial Decree) 1625
Ming Dynasty Tian Qi Tong Bao, 1625 AD
Feng Zhi (By Imperial Decree)
Reference: Hartill 20.216
Obverse: Tian Qin Tong Bao
Reverse: Feng Zhi (By Imperial Decree) top and right
Emperor HSI TSUNG AD 1621-1627
The Tianqi Emperor (23 December 1605 – 30 September 1627), personal name Zhu Youxiao, was the 15th emperor of the Ming dynasty of China, reigning from 1620–1627. He was the eldest son of the Taichang Emperor and a brother of the Chongzhen Emperor, who succeeded him. "Tianqi", the era name of his reign, means "heavenly opening".
One Confucian moralist group, the Donglin Movement, expressed distress at the conditions of the government. In response, the imperial court, under Wei Zhongxian's control, covertly ordered the execution of a number of officials associated with the Donglin Movement. Living conditions worsened during the Tianqi Emperor's reign. The Ming dynasty also faced several popular uprisings.