Hartill 16.426 Nice Da Guan Tong Bao Large 10-Cash ANCIENT CHINA 1107-1110 AD
Ancient CHINA, 1000 years old bronze cash
Northern Song Dynasty
Emperor Huizong of Song
Da Guan Tong Bao Large 10-Cash coin 1107-1110 A.D.
Metal currency in the Song Dynasty was numerous in variety, and the characters inscribed on the coins also had diversified scripts. The characters on the coin showed in the picture were the handwriting of Emperor Huizong of the Song Dynasty.
" Da Guan ", which means: "Visible of Greatness" in English
Reference: Hartill 16.426
Emperor: Hui Zong (1101-1125 A.D.)
Size: 39.5 mm Weight: 13.5 grams
"TA-KUAN YUAN-PAO" in orthodox script, with very fine calligraphy said to be in the Emperor's own hand, which Hartill refers to as "slender gold" script. They come in a number of different denominations, in both bronze and iron, all with blank reverses. In later times this was a popular model for amulets with a wide variety of reverse types, which are are not coins.
This is a large and impressive type first cast in AD 1107, which is reported to have been withdrawn in AD 1109 due to excessive counterfeiting, although we expect that report is a little muddled. When these were issued at about 17 grams, the 11 to 12 gram value 10 coins of the previous reign title were still circulating and counterfeiters could make a significant profit melting these and using the bronze to cast the earlier type. The recall was probably to stop this counterfeiting of that earlier type. These are far too common for a coin officially withdrawn after only two years, suggesting they were hoarded in large numbers at the time.
From China Song dynasty, Daguan reign period (AD 1107-10)
Calligraphy was regarded as one of the highest art forms during the Song dynasty, and the calligraphy for this coin was supplied by the Emperor Huizong (reigned 1101-25) himself. Huizong was extremely interested in the arts, and developed a very distinctive style of calligraphy, known as 'slender needle style', which can be seen here.
Emperor Huizong of Song
Emperor Huizong (Emperor Hui-tsung; 7 June 1082 – 4 June 1135) was the eighth and one of the most famous emperors of the Song dynasty of China, with a personal life spent amidst luxury, sophistication and art but ending in tragedy. It was during his reign that the Jurchens of the Jin dynasty invaded, beginning the Jin–Song wars. He was captured by the Jurchens and taken to Manchuria in the Jingkang Incident.