ANCIENT CHINA, Northern Song Dynasty
1000 Years Old Ancient Chinese Coin
Very Rare Large Li Scrip, by Calligrapher Su Tungpo;
Yuan Feng Tong Bao" Bronze 1 cash, 1078-1085 AD
Authenticity guaranteed for all items!
Reference: Hartill 16.234, Rarity 4
Li Script, Large Tong
Diameter: 24.9 mm; Weight: 4.8 grams; Material: Bronze
Emperor Shenzong of Song
Yuánfēng (元豐; "Primary Abundance") 1078–1085.
Emperor Shenzong of Song (Chinese: 宋神宗; pinyin:Sòng Shénzōng; 25 May 1048 – 1 April 1085) was the sixth emperor of the Chinese Song dynasty. His personal name was Zhao Xu. He reigned from 1067 to 1085.
The era names of his reign are Xīníng (熙寧; "Peaceful Prosperity") 1068–1077, and Yuánfēng (元豐; "Primary Abundance") 1078–1085.
During his reign, Shenzong became interested in Wang Anshi's policies and appointed Wang as Chancellor. Wang implemented his famous New Policies aimed at improving the situation for the peasantry and unemployed, which some have seen as a forerunner of the modern welfare state. These acts became the hallmark reform of Shenzong's reign.
Shenzong sent failed campaigns against Lý Nhân Tông in 1076.:71
Shenzong's other notable act as emperor was his attempt to weaken the formative nation of Western Xia by invading and expelling the Xia forces from Gansu. Shenzong's army was initially quite successful at these campaigns, but during the battle for the city of Yongle, in 1082, Shenzong's forces were defeated. As a result, Western Xia grew more powerful and subsequently continued to be a thorn in the side of the Song dynasty over the ensuing decades.
During Shenzong's reign Sima Guang, a minister interested in the history of the previous 1000 years, wrote a very influential history book: "A Comprehensive Mirror for Aid in Government" (simplified Chinese: 资治通鉴;traditional Chinese: 資治通鑒; pinyin: Zīzhìtōngjiàn). This book records historical events from the Zhou Dynasty to the Song Dynasty. Another notable literary achievement which occurred during his reign was the compilation of theSeven Military Classics, including the alleged forgery of theQuestions and Replies between Tang Taizong and Li Weigong.
Shenzong died in 1085 at the age of 36 and was succeeded by his son. His temple name means "Divine Ancestor".
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