Hartill 16.195 Rarity 9 Bao Long side strokes Xi-Ning-Zhong-Bao 2 Cash Seal 1071
Hartill 16.195 Rarity 9, Bao with long side strokes
Large Type 10 Cash coin, devalued to 3 cash, and then in 1073 to 2 cash.
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Rare Hartill 9, Bao with long side strokes
Xi Ning Zhong Bao (1071-1077 AD)
Weight: 8 grams; Size: 28.5 mm; Bronze
In 1071, the Xining zhong bao 10 cash coin was issued to meet military expenses. Later, illicit minting forced it to be devalued to 3 cash, and then in 1073 to 2 cash.
It is hard to distinguish between 10, 3, and 2 cash coins.
- Top to right:
Northern Song Dynasty Cash Coin
In 960, General Zhao Kuangyin had the throne thrust upon him by mutinous officers. He allowed the Later Zhou family to retire peacefully and established the Song Dynasty. Coins were the main basis of the Song monetary system. Cloth had reverted to the status of a commodity. Aided by the exploitation of new copper mines, cash were produced on a large scale. By the Yuanfeng period (1078–85), casting from 17 different mints produced over five million strings a year of bronze coins. Most mints produced 200,000 strings a year; the largest was named Shao Zhou and located in Guangdong, where there was a large copper mine. It produced 800,000 strings a year. In 1019, the coinage alloy was set at copper 64%, lead 27%, tin 9%. This shows a reduction of nearly 20% in copper content compared with the Tang dynasty Kai Yuan coin.