Hartill 16.195 Rarity 9 Bao Long side strokes Xi-Ning-Zhong-Bao 2 Cash Seal 1071

Hartill 16.195 Rarity 9 Bao Long side strokes Xi-Ning-Zhong-Bao 2 Cash Seal 1071

ANCIENT CHINA
Northern Song Dynasty
Xi-Ning-Zhong-Bao AD 1071

Hartill 16.195 Rarity 9, Bao with long side strokes

Large Type 10 Cash coin, devalued to 3 cash, and then in 1073 to 2 cash.

 

Authenticity guaranteed for all items!

Reference: Hartill 16.195

Rare Hartill 9, Bao with long side strokes

Xi Ning Zhong Bao (1071-1077 AD)


寶 寧

Weight: 8 grams; Size: 28.5 mm; Bronze

 

In 1071, the Xining zhong bao 10 cash coin was issued to meet military expenses. Later, illicit minting forced it to be devalued to 3 cash, and then in 1073 to 2 cash.

It is hard to distinguish between 10, 3, and 2 cash coins.

 

- Top to right:
熙寧 = Xining, 1st era of Shenzong (1068-1077), the 6th emperor of the Song Dynasty from 1067 to 1085.
- Bottom to right:
重寶 = Zhong bao, means heavy currency

 

Northern Song Dynasty Cash Coin

 

In 960, General Zhao Kuangyin had the throne thrust upon him by mutinous officers. He allowed the Later Zhou family to retire peacefully and established the Song Dynasty. Coins were the main basis of the Song monetary system. Cloth had reverted to the status of a commodity. Aided by the exploitation of new copper mines, cash were produced on a large scale. By the Yuanfeng period (1078–85), casting from 17 different mints produced over five million strings a year of bronze coins. Most mints produced 200,000 strings a year; the largest was named Shao Zhou and located in Guangdong, where there was a large copper mine. It produced 800,000 strings a year. In 1019, the coinage alloy was set at copper 64%, lead 27%, tin 9%. This shows a reduction of nearly 20% in copper content compared with the Tang dynasty Kai Yuan coin.

With so much official coinage available, private coining was generally not a serious problem. Song coins were used over much of Asia, especially in Korea, Japan, Annam, and Indonesia. Hoards of Song coins are often found in these countries.
A wide variety of ordinary cash coin types was produced. The inscription was nearly always changed when the period title was changed. Seal, li, regular, running, and