Hartill 15.3 Rare Tian Fu Yuan Bao, Later Jin, Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms

The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms

晉 Later Jin Dynasty 936-47

Tian Fu Yuan Bao, 天福元寳

Issued by Emperor Gao Zong in Tianfu period from 938. From 939, private casting was permitted for a few months, resulting in coins of adulterated alloy.

Reference: Hartill 15.3


The Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms

After the collapse of the Tang in 907, another period of disunity ensued known as the Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms period. Five officially recognised dynasties ruled consecutively in the north (with capitals at Kaifeng or Luoyang in Henan), while ten different kingdoms held sway at different times in the south. A shortage of copper made it difficult to produce an adequate supply of coins. In 955, an Edict banned the holding of bronze utensils:

“From now on, except for court objects, weapons, official objects and mirrors, and cymbals, bells and chimes in temples and monasteries, all other bronze utensils are banned... Those who hoard more than 5 jin, no matter how much the amount, will be executed. Those who abetted them will be exiled for two years, followed by labour service for one year. Those around them will suffer 100 strokes of the cane. Informers will be rewarded with 30 strings of cash.”

The south enjoyed somewhat better political and economic conditions, and saw an advance in trade. A great variety of coinage, including large and base metal coins, was issued in this area.





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Hartill 15.3 Rare Tian Fu Yuan Bao, Later Jin, Five Dynasties and Ten Kingdoms T



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