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Hartil 25.59 Sei Ko Tsu Ho 1446 Ryukyu Kingdom (now Okinawan Japan)

Ryukyu Kingdom (now Okinawan in Japan)

Sei Ko Tsu Ho 1446

 

Reference: Hartil 25.59

Weight: 4 grams; Size: 25 mm; Material: Bronze

 

 

Obv: Sei Ko Tsu Ho

 

琉球王国

 

 

Sho En (尚圓)(1415–1476, r. 1470–1476) was a king of the Ryukyu Kingdom, the founder of the Second Sho Dynasty. Prior to becoming king, he was known as Kanamaru (金丸).

Shō En thus established the Second Shō Dynasty, taking on the honorary surname granted the kings of Ryukyu by Ming Dynasty (and later, Qing Dynasty) China. He also banned members of the former Shō lineage from high government office, and from marrying into the lineage of the new dynasty, and took steps to elevate the prestige of his own family. His father came to be honored as King of Izena, and a formal tomb was constructed for Shō En's parents on Izena Island. Shō En also named his sister high priestess, or "noro", of Izena; the lineage of high priestesses descended from her continued until the 20th century.

His reign marked the beginning of an institutional shift in the royal government, away from rule by a charismatic or otherwise gifted individual leader, i.e. the king, and towards a more bureaucratic system, with the king at its center.

Shō En's childhood wife is believed to have died, or otherwise separated from Kanamaru, before he rose to prominence at Shuri. He had his first son with his second wife, Yosoidon. Shō En died in 1476, after ruling for only a few years, and was succeeded by his brother Shō Sen'i, to Yosoidon's chagrin. Presently, the high priestess, daughter of the late king and Yosoidon, received a divine message indicating that Shō Sen'i should abdicate in favor of his nephew, son of Shō En, who then took the throne as Shō Shin.

 

RYUKYU KINGDOM

 

The Ryukyu Kingdom (Japanese: 琉球王国 Ryūkyū Ōkoku; Okinawan: 琉球國 Ruuchuu-kuku; traditional Chinese: 琉球國; simplified Chinese: 琉球国;pinyin: Liúqiú Guó; historical English name: Lewchew, Luchu, and Loochoo) was an independent kingdom which ruled most of the Ryukyu Islands from the 15th century to the 19th century. The kings of Ryukyu unified Okinawa Island and extended the kingdom to the Amami Islands in modern-dayKagoshima Prefecture, and the Sakishima Islands near Taiwan. Despite its small size, the kingdom played a central role in the maritime trade networks of medieval East and Southeast Asia.

 

Seal from Qing China giving authority to the King of Ryukyu to rule.

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Hartil 25.59 Sei Ko Tsu Ho 1446 Ryukyu Kingdom (now Okinawan Japan) Ryukyu King

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