Ghost Face Money Bronze Cowry shell, Zhou Dynasty, State of Chu 1030 BC-223 BC
Zhou Dynasty, State of Chu 1030 BC-223 BC
Ghost Face Money Cowry shell money 咒
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Reference: Hartill 1.4
Size: 15 mm; Material: Bronze
Bronze pieces with inscriptions, known as Ant Nose Money (Chinese: 蟻鼻錢) or Ghost Face Money(Chinese: 鬼臉錢) were definitely used as money. They have been found in areas to the south of the Yellow River corresponding to the State of Chu in the Warring States period. One hoard was of some 16,000 pieces. Their weight is very variable, and their alloy often contains a high proportion of lead. The name Ant Nose refers to the appearance of the inscriptions, and is nothing to do with keeping ants out of the noses of corpses.
COWRY AND COWRY IMITATION COINS
By the Shang Dynasty and continuing into the Zhou Dynasty, actual cowry shells were used as a form of money but they fall more into the catagory of "primative money" than true coins. Their use far pre-dates the first true coins as shown by Wang on pages 64 and 65 of his book "Early Chinese Coinage" where he describes a bronze Tsun vessel bearing the inscription.
Cowry shell money
Inscriptions and archaeological evidence shows that cowrie shells were regarded as important objects of value in the Shang Dynasty (c. 1766-1154 BC). In the Zhou period, they are frequently referred to as gifts or rewards from kings and nobles to their subjects. Later imitations in bone, stone or bronze were probably used as money in some instances. Some think the first Chinese metallic coins were bronze imitations of cowrie shells found in a tomb near Anyang dating from around 900 BC, but these items lack inscriptions.