Gansu Province Silver Fatman Dollar Yuan Shikai Year 3, 1914 China Republic
China Silver Dollar
The National Coinage Silver Fatman Dollar
Gansu Province, Yuan Shikai Year 3, 1914
26.8 grams; Silver 900; size: 39.0 mm
Obverse: YUAN SHIKAI military and official of the QING dynasty as well as the newly born Republic of China. Self proclaimed emperor in 1916.
年三國民華中 means the 3rd year of The Republic of China (1914AD).
Reverse: 壹 圓 means one dollar within a double good harvest designs.
Engraver: Luigi Giorgi
3 (1914) Y# 329
The appearance of this coin denotes that it was issued by Kansu Provincial Mint. Two Chinese characters denoting Kansu Province appears on the both side of Yuan's bust. Chinese numismatic reference always point out that the silver content of this coin is very low, but I think it doesn't matter for the collectors.
A Brief Introduction of Kansu & Its Mint
Kansu is a province located in north-central China. The west end of the Great Wall and east end of the " Silk Road ". A mint was built in 1920 for issuse Cash coins, the mint then moved to Lanchow in 1928 and began produce silver dollars until 1935. The mint closed in 1939. It was reopened in 1949 but only for few months and closed again shortly after Commuist took over. The YSK dollars with KANSU characters ( K-759 or K&M World Coins Y#-407 ) were minted between 1930 to 1931.
It is very strange that the conventional type of "Yuan Shih Kai" coins which were great trusted by the Chinese, and were widely circulated throughout in China in those days. I think those who collect Chinese coins, they must have at least one or two Yuen's coins, because Yuan's coins are very common. But I find that type of coins were seldom talking by any coinage related web site in the world.
Although bearing dates of Yr. 3 (1914) and Yr. 8-10 (1919-21), these Yuan Shi-Kai Dollars were struck for years afterwards. Coins dated Yr. 3 (1914) were struck continuously through 1929 and were also later restruck by the Chinese Communists. Later again in the 1950's this coin was struck for use in Tibet. Coins with dates Yr. 9. and 10 (1920 and 1921) were struck at least until 1929. The total mintage of all four dates is estimated at more than 750 million pieces.
The Yuan Shikai "dollar" issued for the first time in 1914, became a dominant coin type of the Republic of China. Yuan Shikai (16 September 1859 ?6 June 1916) was a Chinese general, politician and "emperor", famous for his influence during the late Qing Dynasty, his role in the events leading up to the abdication of the last Qing Emperor, his autocratic rule as the first President of the Republic of China, and his short-lived attempt to restore monarchy in China, with himself as the Hongxian Emperor (simplified Chinese: 洪宪皇帝; traditional Chinese: 洪憲皇帝; pinyin: H髇gxi鄋 Hu醤gd? Wade朑iles: Hung2-hsien4 Huang2-ti4).
Yuan Shih Kai (1859AD-1916AD) was born in Hsiang-Cheng of Honan Province in the 9th year of the Hsien Fung reign. In 1882, he followed the commander of Anhui army, Wu Chang-Ch'ing went to Korea to help the Korean king train a new imperial army. In 1884, he was recalled back to China. By the help of Li Hung-chang , he became a 3rd-grade official in charge of training a modern army at Hsiao-Chan near Tientsin in 1895. Later, he was promoted to the position of assistant minister in charged of military training, as he pretended to support institutional reforms. In 1897, he promoted as the governor of Shantung province, and two years later he was promoted again to be the governor of Chihli province. In 1901 he promoted as the minister of Peiyang, gradually becoming the leader of the Peiyang warlords, as he won the trust of Empress Dowager Szu Hsi. Yuan took part in the suppression of Boxers insurgent in 1900. In 1907, Yuan was summoned to the court to became a grand minister of the Privy Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs. After Dowager Empress died, he was stripped of all his offices in 1909.
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