Copper Pattern Coin Xu Shichang President of Republic China Commemorative Dollar

Copper Pattern Coin Xu Shichang President of Republic China Commemorative Dollar

 
Republic of China Year 10, AD 1921

Copper Pattern Coin for Commemorative Silver Dollar

Xu Shichang - President of the Republic of China




Authenticity guaranteed!

26.6 grams; size: 39.2 mm; Copper

1921AD Xu Shichang Commemorative Silver Dollar

1921年民國十年)徐世昌仁壽同登纪念币

 

Obverse: Portrait of Xu Shichang

Reverse:
Lettering:

月九年十國民華中

同仁
登壽

幣念紀


Edge: smooth

 

Xu Shichang - President of the Republic of China

 

Xu Shichang (Hsu Shih-chang; Chinese: 徐世昌; courtesy name: Juren (Chu-jen; 菊人); October 20, 1855 – June 5, 1939) was President of the Republic of China (Beijing government) from October 10, 1918 to June 2, 1922.

His election as president was largely engineered by Duan Qirui and his Anhui clique. He was chosen because he was a civilian yet had close ties to the Beiyang Army and was neutral to both its Zhili and Anhui cliques. Lacking any military power of his own, he had to play Duan, Zhili leader Cao Kun, and Fengtian leader Zhang Zuolin against each other to stay in power.
He held a massive celebration in Beijing for China's victory in World War I on 18 November 1918, however he brought troops into the Allied intervention in the Russian Civil War. A ceasefire with Sun Yatsen's rival Constitutional Protection government was declared and intellectuals were given greater freedom. This lasted until news from France showed how Duan Qirui promised German territory in Shandong to Japan. Large student protests (May Fourth Movement) led to Xu cracking down with mass arrests. The delegation was ordered home and China refused to sign or ratify the Versailles treaty. Consequently, the shaky alliance between the Zhili and Anhui cliques collapsed with Duan decisively defeated. This led to the era of high warlordism. Conflict with the south flared again in 1920 and he also failed to retake Mongolia. Cao Kun, who never liked Xu, pressured him out of office and restored Li Yuanhong.
His presidency lasted the longest during the warlord era. He was also the only non-acting president of the Beiyang government to be a civilian.


 


 

 

 

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Copper Pattern Coin Xu Shichang President of Republic China Commemorative Dollar

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