Communist Party Soviet China 10 Yuan Cloth Banknote 1926 Hunan Hengshan Chaishan

Communist Party Soviet China 10 Yuan Cloth Banknote 1926 Hunan Hengshan Chaishanzhou bank

The Chinese Soviet Republic

Communist Party of China

1926 Hunan Hengshan Chaishanzhou bank

10 Yuan Cloth Banknote

湖南衡山柴山洲特別區第壹農民銀行,這是中國共產黨創建的第壹家革命銀行,它發行的白竹布貨幣是迄今發現最早的革命貨幣。
 

 

The Chinese Soviet Republic: Hammer and sicklewithin

The Communist currencies were illegal in Nationalist Nanking Goverment territories.

 

Obverse:

柴山洲特區農民第二銀行

Chaishanzhou Special Administrative Region Farmer's second Bank

拾 元

Ten Yuan

 

壹圎可兌銀元壹塊
在特區範圍內使用

Reverse: Blank


 

柴山洲特別區第壹農民銀行

柴山洲特別區第壹農民銀行舊址位於湖南省衡東縣三樟鄉金湖村(民國時為衡山縣柴山洲特別區)。1926年1月,湖南省中共黨員賀爾康深入柴山洲,成立了柴山洲特別區農民協會。4月,成立了柴山洲特別區第壹農民銀行,發行了白竹布貨幣,對赤貧戶發放貸款,平抑糧價,興辦農民消費合作社。1927年6月銀行被破壞。這是是中國共產黨創建的第壹家革命銀行。1992年中共衡東縣委、縣人民政府籌資對舊址進行全面維修,並請楊得誌將軍提寫匾額“柴山洲特別區第壹農民銀行舊址”。
湖南衡山柴山洲特別區第壹農民銀行舊址,這是中國共產黨創建的第壹家革命銀行,它發行的面額壹貳元的白竹布貨幣是迄今發現最早的革命貨幣。

1926年1月,湖南省農運特派員賀爾康到達衡山,深入柴山洲秘密發展農會會員,建立農會小組,成立柴山洲特別區農民協會,開展轟轟烈烈的革命運動。
為確保農民革命運動深入持續發展,農民協會壹方面帶領農民與土豪劣紳開展政治經濟鬥爭,壹方面公舉辦事公道的夏兆梅等6人為籌備委員會,開始籌建農民銀行。
同年4月,遵照《中國共產黨第壹次全國代表大會對於農民運動宣言及政綱》,柴山洲特別區第壹農民銀行成立,旨在“維護無產階級、維持生活、扶持生產”,特別區農民協會委員長文海南被選為銀行經理,並通過《銀行章程十二條》,這是我黨創建的第壹家革命銀行。
同時,由富戶捐納籌款作為銀行基金,農民銀行向農戶發放生產、生活貸款,銀行發行面額為壹貳元的貨幣,貨幣用4寸長、2寸寬的白竹布制成,票面文字用毛筆書寫,上面蓋有“柴山洲特別區農民銀行”圖章和經理文海南、副經理夏兆梅的私章,布幣壹元可兌換銀元壹塊。經考證,白竹布貨幣是迄今發現最早的革命貨幣。


正當農民協會和農民銀行辦得紅火的時候,蔣介石在上海發動“四·壹二”政變,白色恐怖籠罩全國,衡山數百名共產黨員和農會幹部被關被殺,農民銀行遭到嚴重破壞,被迫停止活動。

 

1926年春,湖南衡山縣柴山洲特別區農民協會成立。同年10月12日成立了柴山洲特別區第壹農民銀行,並通過了《銀行章程十二條》,選舉該區的農民協會委員長文海南為銀行經理。這是北伐戰爭期間農民協會成立的最早銀行,同時發行了第壹批票幣,用鄉間常用的白竹布作制幣材料,面額為壹貳圓,共發行了5000張,在特別區範圍內流通。

 

 

 

Copper coins of The Chinese Soviet Republic

Like the paper bill, copper coins issued by the Central Mint also had "Chinese Soviet Republic" (中華蘇維埃共和國) engraved in traditional Chinese. Since coins last longer than paper bills, these coins were issued (and circulated) in a much greater quantity. However, these coins are rarer than the paper bill; copper was needed for ammunition, and these copper coins were recalled and replaced by silver dollars.

 

 

 

The Chinese Soviet Republic

The Chinese Soviet Republic (CSR, simplified Chinese: 中华苏维埃共和国; traditional Chinese: 中華蘇維埃共和國; ), also known as the Soviet Republic of China or the China Soviet Republic, is often referred to in historical sources as the Jiangxi Soviet (after its largest component territory, the Jiangxi-Fujian Soviet). It was established in November 1931 by future Communist Party of China leader Mao Zedong, General Zhu De and others, and it lasted until 1937. Discontiguous territories included the Northeastern Jiangxi, Hunan-Jiangxi, Hunan-Hubei-Jiangxi, Hunan-Western Hubei, Hunan-Hubei-Sichuan-Guizhou, Shaanxi-Gansu, Szechuan-Shensi, Hubei-Henan-Anhui, Honghu and Haifeng-Lufeng Soviets. |image_flag = Second War Flag of Chinese Soviet Republic.svg Mao Zedong was both CSR state chairman and prime minister; he led the state and its government. Mao's tenure as head of a "small state within a state" gave him experience in mobile warfare and peasant organization; this experience helped him accomplish the Communist reunification of China during the late 1940s.[2] The CSR was eventually destroyed by the Kuomintang (KMT)'s National Revolutionary Army in a series of 1934 encirclement campaigns. Following the Xi'an Incident of December 1936, the Communists and Kuomintang formed an uneasy "United Front" to resist Japanese pressure, which led to the Communists recognizing at least for the moment Chiang Kai-shek as China's leader and the official dissolution of the Soviet Republic on 22 September 1937.

 

 

 

 

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Communist Party Soviet China 10 Yuan Cloth Banknote 1926 Hunan Hengshan Chaishan

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