Communist 50 Cash Anhui West North Soviet October 1931 Workers World Unite China

Communist 50 Cash Anhui West North Soviet October 1931 Workers World Unite China

The Chinese Soviet Republic

Communist Party Mao Zedong Red Army

皖西北蘇維埃

Anhui West North Soviet, 50 Cash, October 1931


Authenticity guaranteed!

Weight: 15.5 grams, Size: 37.5 mm, Material: Brass

 

Obverse: Globe with hammer and sickle

全世界無產階級聯合起來

(Proletarier aller Länder, vereinigt euch!)

Workers of the world, unite!


Reverse:

Denomination within Star with olive branches

Lettering:

皖西北蘇維埃
(Chinese Soviet Republic Anhui West North)


50 CASH 1931-10

 

KM# 1 50 Cash

 

 

CHINESE SOVIET REPUBLIC Anhui North West

皖西北苏区铜币

《金寨县革命史简编》载,1931年5月初,皖西北特区苏维埃银行在安徽省金寨县成立,同年11月迁驻麻埠,设立造币厂开始筹备铸造银币、铜币。《鄂豫皖革命根据地货币史》更详细地注明,1931年曾发行五十文铜币3种,二十文铜币2种。但就保留下来的和有文字记载的铜币只有五十文,二十文两种面值。二十文铜币稀少,五十文铜币发现数量稍多,最早的纪年是1931年10月。五十文铜币直径一般38毫米左右,厚1.7毫米左石,重13克左在,有些实物规格略小。五十文铜币正面中央是一个火五角星,星内书“五十”二字,〔面值外圈有的是珠联式,有的是线式〕,左右饰以嘉禾〔有的未饰嘉禾〕;上缘镌右读“皖西北苏维埃造”字样〔有的是左读,数量稀少〕;下缘镌“50CASH1931-10”字样;背面中央是一个地球,地球上铸有镰刀斧头交叉图,上缘文字为“全世界无产阶级联合起来”〔这是1927年4月党的第五次代表大会会场所挂横幅上的口号〕。皖西北苏维埃造铜币有较高的文物价值和收藏价值,华光谱的《中国铜元目录》对皖西北苏维埃造铜币的定级标价,均高于其它苏维埃造铜币。

中共鄂豫皖省委成立于一九三二年一月, “鄂豫皖省委成立后,下辖鄂东北、豫东南、皖西北三个特委(以后改为道委)”。“道区”又称“道委”,都是指党的组织。可见,皖西北道区苏维埃造伍拾文铜币是在皖西北道委成立后发行的,其发行时间很短(1932年4月—1939年10月),仅半年时间。“由于王明、张国焘的错误路线和错误方针在鄂豫皖根据地的推行与贯彻,导致红四方面军第四次反“围剿”斗争的失利,使大片苏区遭到敌人的严重摧残。”⑧我红四方面军虽击溃了一些敌人,但仍无法扭转战局。相反,鄂豫皖苏区的一些重要市镇,如金家寨、麻埠、七里坪等地均被敌人所占。十月,红四方面军被迫撤离根据地,进行西征。皖西北苏维埃铜币与皖西北道区苏维埃铜币,即停止发行。

总的说来,皖西北苏区发行的铜币为时较短,发行量也不大。南于当时根据地战争频繁,铜料不足,这些铜币均是用废弹壳(子弹与炮弹)熔后所铸,故而币质均是黄铜,据云偶有红铜所铸,然未见实物。该区铸币由于技术条件所限,版模均不精致,故币面文字均模糊不清,重量也参差不一。然这些铜币(包括纸币)的发行,对保证根据地在经济上的独立自主,方便民间贸易,稳定金融市场,防止现金外溢,制止敌人套购根据地物资,禁止土杂钞等劣币在根据地市场流通等均起了十分重要的作用。

皖西北苏区铜币由于它发行量少,流通时间短,在苏区铸币中属稀品,有的已属珍品,故希望对皖西北铜币版别的研究与真伪的辨别应引起我国钱币学界的关切与重视。

 

 

The Chinese Soviet Republic

The Chinese Soviet Republic (CSR, simplified Chinese: 中华苏维埃共和国; traditional Chinese: 中華蘇維埃共和國; pinyin: Zhōnghuá Sūwéi'āi Gònghéguó), also known as the Soviet Republic of China or the China Soviet Republic, is often referred to in historical sources as the Jiangxi Soviet (after its largest component territory, the Jiangxi-Fujian Soviet). It was established in November 1931 by future Communist Party of China leader Mao Zedong, General Zhu De and others, and it lasted until 1937. Discontiguous territories included the Northeastern Jiangxi, Hunan-Jiangxi, Hunan-Hubei-Jiangxi, Hunan-Western Hubei, Hunan-Hubei-Sichuan-Guizhou, Shaanxi-Gansu, Szechuan-Shensi, Hubei-Henan-Anhui, Honghu and Haifeng-Lufeng Soviets. |image_flag = Second War Flag of Chinese Soviet Republic.svg Mao Zedong was both CSR state chairman and prime minister; he led the state and its government. Mao's tenure as head of a "small state within a state" gave him experience in mobile warfare and peasant organization; this experience helped him accomplish the Communist reunification of China during the late 1940s.[2] The CSR was eventually destroyed by the Kuomintang (KMT)'s National Revolutionary Army in a series of 1934 encirclement campaigns. Following the Xi'an Incident of December 1936, the Communists and Kuomintang formed an uneasy "United Front" to resist Japanese pressure, which led to the Communists recognizing at least for the moment Chiang Kai-shek as China's leader and the official dissolution of the Soviet Republic on 22 September 1937.

 

 

 

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Communist 50 Cash Anhui West North Soviet October 1931 Workers World Unite China

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