China Silver Dollar 1914 Yuan Shikai - Commemorative issue Founding of Republic Republic of China
China Silver Dollar 1914
Yuan Shikai - Commemorative issue
Founding of Republic Republic of China
26.8 grams; Silver 900; size: 39 mm
Obverse: Bust of Yuan Shikai in military uniform facing wearing plumed hat;
Reverse: ONE DOLLAR, Republic of China Commemorative
Engraver: Luigi Giorgi
Struck to commemorate the founding of the Republic. This commemorative honors Yuan Shih-kai, one of the leading generals of the new Republic of China, founded in a burst of idealism in 1912 by Sun Yat-sen. The idealism quickly dissipated as various warlords jockeyed for power. Yuan Shih-kai managed to get himself crowned emperor before he died in 1916. Numerous varieties exist of this type.
Yuan Shih Kai (1859AD-1916AD) was born in Hsiang-Cheng of Honan Province in the 9th year of the Hsien Fung reign. In 1882, he followed the commander of Anhui army, Wu Chang-Ch'ing went to Korea to help the Korean king train a new imperial army. In 1884, he was recalled back to China. By the help of Li Hung-chang , he became a 3rd-grade official in charge of training a modern army at Hsiao-Chan near Tientsin in 1895. Later, he was promoted to the position of assistant minister in charged of military training, as he pretended to support institutional reforms. In 1897, he promoted as the governor of Shantung province, and two years later he was promoted again to be the governor of Chihli province. In 1901 he promoted as the minister of Peiyang, gradually becoming the leader of the Peiyang warlords, as he won the trust of Empress Dowager Szu Hsi. Yuan took part in the suppression of Boxers insurgent in 1900. In 1907, Yuan was summoned to the court to became a grand minister of the Privy Council and Minister of Foreign Affairs. After Dowager Empress died, he was stripped of all his offices in 1909.
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