China Silver 20 Cents Yellow Flower Mound Mausoleum 72 Martyrs 1931 Fujian Mint
Chinese Silver 20 Cents
Republic of China, Fujian Province, Year 20, 1931 AD
The Huanghuagang (Yellow Flower Mound) Mausoleum of the 72 Martyrs
5.38 grams; Silver; size: 23.0 mm
Fukien 1931 CD 20 cents
Catalog Number: Y# 389
Canton Martyrs Memorial. 黃花崗烈士墓。
Fukien (Fujian) Province lies on the south east coast of China. The Foochow Mint operated through the Manchu dynasty, and an additional mint was built for struck coinage in 1896. Several other mints have been in operation since that time.
The Yellow Flower Mound revolt
The Yellow Flower Mound revolt also known as the Second Guangzhou uprising is an uprising led by Huang Xing and his fellow revolutionaries against the Qing Dynasty in Guangzhou.
At this time Malaya, which included what is now Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, had the largest Overseas Chinese population outside of China itself. Many of them were rich and carried out activities for the revolutionaries. On November 13, 1910, Sun Yat-sen, along with several leading figures of the Tongmenhui, gathered at the Penang conference to draw up plans for a decisive battle.
The dead were buried together in one grave on the Yellow Flower Mound, a mound near where they fought and died which has lent its name to the uprising. After the Chinese revolution, a cemetery was built on the mound with the names of those 72 revolutionary nationalists. They were commemorated as the "72 martyrs." Some historians believe that the uprising was a direct cause of the Wuchang uprising, which eventually led to the Xinhai Revolution and the founding of the Republic of China. Among the martyrs who sacrificed is Revolutionary Lin Jue-min.