China Silver 20 Cents Yellow Flower Mound Mausoleum 72 Martyrs 1931 Fujian Mint

Chinese Silver 20 Cents

Republic of China, Fujian Province, Year 20, 1931 AD

The Huanghuagang (Yellow Flower Mound) Mausoleum of the 72 Martyrs




Authenticity guaranteed!

5.38 grams; Silver; size: 23.0 mm

Fukien 1931 CD 20 cents

Catalog Number: Y# 389


CHINA. Fukien. 20 Cents, CD (1931). 民國二十一年福建省造黃花崗紀念貳角銀幣。

Canton Martyrs Memorial. 黃花崗烈士墓。


Recorded mintage: unknown.
Specification: 5.38 g, silver.

 

Fukien (Fujian) Province lies on the south east coast of China. The Foochow Mint operated through the Manchu dynasty, and an additional mint was built for struck coinage in 1896. Several other mints have been in operation since that time.

 

The Yellow Flower Mound revolt

The Yellow Flower Mound revolt also known as the Second Guangzhou uprising is an uprising led by Huang Xing and his fellow revolutionaries against the Qing Dynasty in Guangzhou.

At this time Malaya, which included what is now Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore, had the largest Overseas Chinese population outside of China itself. Many of them were rich and carried out activities for the revolutionaries. On November 13, 1910, Sun Yat-sen, along with several leading figures of the Tongmenhui, gathered at the Penang conference to draw up plans for a decisive battle.
Originally planned to occur on April 13, 1911, the preparations on April 8 did not go as planned, delaying the date to April 27 instead.
Huang Xing and nearly a hundred fellow revolutionaries forced their way into the residence of the viceroy of Guangdong and Guangxi provinces. The uprising was successful in the beginning, but reinforcements of the opposing Qing soldiers then heavily outnumbered them. The uprising turned into a catastrophic defeat. Most revolutionaries were killed, only few managed to escape. Huang Xing was wounded during the battle; he lost one of his fingers when it was hit by a bullet. Only 86 bodies were found (only 72 could be identified), and the bodies of others could never be found. The dead were mostly youths with all kinds of social backgrounds, former students, teachers, journalists, and oversea Chinese. Some of them were of high rank in the Alliance. Before the battle, most of the revolutionaries knew that the battle would probably be lost, since they were heavily outnumbered, but they went into battle anyway. The mission was carried like that of a suicide squad. Their letters to their loved ones were later found.

 

The dead were buried together in one grave on the Yellow Flower Mound, a mound near where they fought and died which has lent its name to the uprising. After the Chinese revolution, a cemetery was built on the mound with the names of those 72 revolutionary nationalists. They were commemorated as the "72 martyrs." Some historians believe that the uprising was a direct cause of the Wuchang uprising, which eventually led to the Xinhai Revolution and the founding of the Republic of China. Among the martyrs who sacrificed is Revolutionary Lin Jue-min.

 

 

 

 

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China Silver 20 Cents Yellow Flower Mound Mausoleum 72 Martyrs 1931 Fujian Mint

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