China - People's Republic, Red book Animals
1997 5 Yuan KM# 980
朱䴉 crested ibis, Copper RMB
Weight: 13.1 Grams; Size: 32 mm; Material: Copper
Circulating commemorative coin
Obverse: China's emblem: Tian'anmen, "Gate of Heavenly Peace", gate to the forbidden city, 5 stars above it.
The text reads "People's Republic of China"
Reverse: 5 Yuan crested ibis
Red Book Animals Series - 3rd edition - crested ibis
Alternating reeded and smooth
References: KM# 980
KM 881, one year type, for wildlife. Crown size bronze coin, with a crested ibis on the reverse.
The crested ibis (Nipponia nippon), also known as the Japanese crested ibis or toki (トキ), variously written in kanji as 朱鷺, 鴇, 鵇, 鴾, or 桃花鳥, and written in hanzi as 朱䴉 or 朱鷺, is a large (up to 78.5 cm (30.9 in) long), white-plumaged ibis of pine forests. Its head is partially bare, showing red skin, and it has a dense crest of white plumes on the nape. This species is the only member of the genus Nipponia.
They make their nests at the tops of trees on hills usually overlooking their habitat. Crested ibises usually eat frogs, small fish, and small animals.
At one time, the crested ibis was widespread in Japan, China, Korea, Taiwan, and Russia. It has now disappeared from most of its former range. The last wild crested ibis in Japan died in October 2003, with the remaining wild population found only in Shaanxi province of China until reintroduction of captive bred birds back into Japan in 2008. They were previously thought to be extinct in China too, until 1981 when only seven ibises were seen in Shaanxi, China.
Extensive captive breeding programs have been developed by Japan and China to conserve the species. They were put on the State Protection List in China. Also, for the past 23 years, China has bred and protected the species. In 2002, there were a total of 130 colonies in China. Northwest Shaanxi province's research center has a history of 26 crested ibis fledglings including artificial, and natural incubation. On July 31, 2002, five out of seven crested ibis chicks hatched at an incubation center in northwest Shaanxi province. This was one of the latest records and highest record ever recorded of chicks that hatched. The parents of the chicks were chosen from 60 ibis pairs raised at that research center.
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